Dyslexia is a learning impairment in which the individual has trouble reading and understanding what they read. It is not contagious and is not caused by immunizations.
While a youngster may struggle with understanding, spelling, and writing, dyslexia does not imply intellectual disability. Instead, a person with dyslexia may have a higher intelligence quotient than the average individual.
Dyslexia affects between 5% and 10% of the population, making it one of the most frequent afflictions. Some estimate that up to 17% of the population has reading problems.
There are no recognized classifications of dyslexia. Previously, dyslexia was divided into various forms; however, recent classifications include four varieties, which are recommended based on symptoms.
1. Phonological dyslexia o is also known as dysphonetic or auditory dyslexia.
- People with this kind of dyslexia have difficulties matching the sounds of particular letters and syllables to their written forms.
2. Surface dyslexia o is also known as dyseidetic or visual dyslexia.
- This kind of dyslexia is distinguished by trouble recognizing complete words, which is most likely caused by vision problems or visual processing impairments in the brain.
- People who have difficulty identifying words may have difficulty learning and recalling words.
3. Rapid naming deficit the individual has difficulty swiftly and instinctively identifying a letter, number, color, or item. The processing speed is slow, and naming them takes time.
4. Double deficit dyslexia a person with double deficit dyslexia has problems with both the phonological process and naming speed. This group contains the vast majority of the weakest readers.
Dyslexia is produced by an overburdening of reading ability deficiencies that the individual is unable to adequately adapt to.
What factors contribute to dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a congenital condition with a complicated aetiology that involves the following factors:
• Inheritance of dyslexia-related genes, if the problem runs in the family;
• Premature birth or low birth weight
• Fetal brain development may be affected by exposure to dangerous substances such as nicotine, drugs, and alcohol during pregnancy;
• Fetal brain development may be altered owing to infections in the mother during pregnancy; and
• Differences in brain areas connected to reading and understanding.
• Early stress exposure
• Although dyslexia is present from birth, persons with brain damage, stroke, or dementia may acquire dyslexia symptoms.
• Dyslexia may deteriorate with age.
This list, however, is not exhaustive. In many situations, no one reason can be identified.
What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
People with dyslexia have difficulty reading, understanding, and remembering words. However, early discovery of the issue and assistance in learning the words via various techniques help individuals improve their condition.
Dyslexia signs may be seen as early as preschool age, as well as in school-aged children and teens. Adults have various signs that may lead to a dyslexia diagnosis.
• Elementary and middle school children have reading difficulty and may read slower than other children in the class difficulty processing information and memorizing things in a sequential order take longer to read and write o difficulty pronouncing new words or processing words with similar sounds avoid participating in tasks that require reading
Readlearningcenter.com employs a systematic phonics approach to help students develop decoding and sight-reading abilities as they go through the course. Spelling is also automated by encoding it as a sequence of muscular motions. The course is intended to help pupils feel successful from the start, which leads to enhanced self-esteem and learner confidence.